Lion bone trade in spotlight

Lion bone trade in spotlight

Lawmakers will be giving lion breeding a lookover, writes Fred Kockott.

South Africa’s captive lion breeding industry comes under the spotlight in Parliament this week.

Titled ‘Captive Lion Breeding for Hunting in South Africa: Harming or Promoting the Conservation Image of the Country’, the two day hearing, open to the public, has been organised by Portfolio Committee on Environmental Affairs. It starts on Tuesday and will give key stakeholders an opportunity to present arguments for and against captive breeding of lions.

This will include Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) experts, the Professional Hunters Association of South Africa (Phasa), the South African Predators Association, the World Wild Fund for Nature South Africa (WWF-SA), the Born Free Foundation, the International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation, SANParks, the Endangered Wildlife Trust (EWT), Brand South Africa and the EMR Foundation, a welfare organisation focused on children, elderly persons, and wild animals.

Committee chairperson, Mohlopi Mapulane, said he hoped the presentations and associated panel discussions will facilitate constructive engagement around an issue that is adversely affecting SA’s standing internationally. “We cannot allow [captive lion breeding] to blemish our internationally-acclaimed wildlife and conservation record,” said Mapulane.

He said the committee wanted “to better understand the different views that exist” before deciding on whether to review or amend existing legislation.

Skeleton export

The hearing comes amid growing concern over the possible impact of captive lion breeding on South Africa’s wild lion populations, and the DEA’s decision, on 16 July this year, to increase the lion skeleton export quota from 800 to 1500 skeletons.

Lion bones are mostly sold to Asian markets to make ‘lion bone cake’ for medicinal purposes. According to the Campaign Against Canned Hunting (CACH) lion bones fetch millions of dollars and the industry is growing despite the fact that there is no medicinal value in them.

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Dr Kelly Marnewick‚ a senior officer in EWT’s Wildlife in Trade Programme, reckons that the poaching of wild lions for body parts has escalated in recent years.

“We cannot rule out a link to the market created for lion bones from captive breeding institutions,” said Marnewick.

We have been here before

Ian Michler, a leading member of the Blood Lions campaign which exposes the link between canned lion hunts and ‘walking with lions’ and ‘cub petting’ enterprises, is among a growing number of wildlife activists calling for an outright ban on all non-conservation breeding of predators.

“We have been here before,” said Michler. “A previous Minister attempted to end the twin horrors of predator breeding and canned hunting, but failed through carelessness,” said Michler.

“One can only hope that 13 years on, and after a significant growth in these industries, Parliament is truly beginning to understand the damage the predator breeding industry and all its related exploitative activities are doing to South Africa’s conservation and ecotourism sectors,” added Michler. “If this event is a failure, expect the opposition from every quarter to gather momentum.”

Michler’s sentiments are shared by the director of Humane Society International (Africa), Audrey Delsink.

“The DEA have ignored the world’s leading lion and conservation experts who categorically state that captive breeding has no conservation benefit; even the hunting fraternity has shunned the practice,” said Delsink.

Delsink the captive breeding industry constituted  a tiny fraction (1.66%) of South Africa’s total tourism value (estimated at R144.3bn in 2016).

She said it was outrageous that South Africa had doubled the lion bone quota to 1500 skeletons, when demand reduction was being encouraged globally.

“The DEA can no longer justify an industry that only benefits the pockets of breeders and traders and seriously damages South Africa’s ecotourism sector,” said Delsink. – Fred Kockott/Roving Reporters


FEATURED IMAGE: Lions cubs reared in captive breeding facilities often become fodder for canned lion hunts, and ultimately fuel the macabre trade in lion bones, say growing numbers of wildlife activists. Photo: Audrey Helsink


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Canned lion’s make Nicola’s blood boil



How Roving Reporters broke the story in 2015.

Bred for the bullet: the cat is out the bag

How lions fell through the legislative cracks


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